Major foundations of curriculum Presentation Transcript
- 1. Major Foundations of Curriculum Prepared by: Jhun Ar Ar R. Ramos
- 2. Major Foundations of Curriculum Ø Philosophical Ø Historical Ø Psychological Ø Social
- 3. Philosophical Foundations of Curriculum • Four Educational Philosophies
- 4. Philosophical Foundations of Curriculum q Perennialism Aim of Education – To educate the rational person; to cultivate the intellect. Role of Education – Teachers help students think with reason. Focus in the Curriculum – Classical subjects, literary analysis and curriculum constant. Curriculum Trends – Use of great books and return to liberal.
- 5. Philosophical Foundations of Curriculum q Essentialism Aim of Education – To promote the intellectual growth of the individual and educate a competent person. The teacher is the sole authority in his or her subject area or field of specialization. Focus in the Curriculum – Essential skills of the 3 R’s and essential subjects. Curriculum Trends – Excellence in education, back to basics and cultural literacy.
- 6. Philosophical Foundations of Curriculum q Progressivism Aim of Education – To promote democratic and social living. Role of Education – Knowledge leads to growth and development of lifelong learners who actively learn by doing. Focus in the Curriculum – Subjects are interdisciplinary, integrative and interactive. Curriculum is focused on students’ interest, human problems and affairs. Curriculum Trends – School reforms, relevant and contextualized curriculum, humanistic education.
- 7. Philosophical Foundations of Curriculum qReconstructionism Aim of Education – To improve and reconstruct society. Education for change. Role of Education – Teachers act as agents of change and reform in various educational projects including research. Focus in the Curriculum – Focus on present and future trends and issues of national and international interest. Curriculum Trends – Equality of educational opportunities in education, access to global education.
- 8. Historical Foundations of Curriculum • Curriculum Theorists
- 9. Historical Foundations of Curriculum 1876 - 1956 presented curriculum as a science that emphasizes on students' need.
- 10. Historical Foundations of Curriculum 1875 - 1952 considered curriculum also as a science which is based on students' need, and the teachers plan and activities.
- 11. Historical Foundations of Curriculum 1871 - 1965 viewed curriculum as purposeful activities which are child- centered.
- 12. Historical Foundations of Curriculum 1886 - 1960 emphasized social studies in the curriculum and the teacher plans the lesson in advance.
- 13. Historical Foundations of Curriculum 1901 - 1989 sees curriculum as organized around social functions of themes, organized knowledge and learner's interests.
- 14. Historical Foundations of Curriculum 1902- 1994 believes that curriculum is a science and an extension of school's philosophy. Based on students' need and interests.
Major Foundations of Curriculum Presentation Transcript
- 1. MAJOR FOUNDATIONS OF CURRICULUM ¹Kimpee I. Blahing ²Researcher/DiscussantRepublic of the PhilippinesMINDANAO STATE UNIVERSITYCOLLEGE OF EDUCATIONGeneral Santos CityTopical ReportED106– Curriculum Development,Presented to:Dr. Jioharia L. NicartA.Y. 2012-2013.
- 2. MAJOR FOUNDATIONS OF CURRICULUMPhilosophicalFoundationsof CurriculumPsychologicalFoundationsof CurriculumSocialFoundationsof CurriculumHistoricalFoundationsof CurriculumCURRICULUM
- 3. •Franklin Bobbit (1876-1956) -presented curriculum as ascience that emphasizes onstudents need. Curriculumprepares for adult life.•Werret Charters (1875-1952)- considered curriculum alsoas a science which is basedon students need and theteachers plan the activities.Curriculum theorists :Historical Foundations of Curriculum
- 4. •Harold Rugg (1886-1960) -Curriculum should develop thewhole child. He emphasizedsocial studies in the curriculumand the teacher plans the lessonin advance.Curriculum theorists :•William Kilpatrick (1871-1965) - viewed curriculum aspurposeful activities which arechild-centered. The purpose ofcurriculum is childdevelopment and growth.Historical Foundations of Curriculum
- 5. Curriculum theorists :•Hollis Caswell (1901-1989) -sees curriculum as organizedaround social functions ofthemes, organized knowledgeand earners interests.•Ralph Tyler (1902-1994) - believesthat curriculum is a science and anextension of schools philosophy.Historical Foundations of Curriculum
- 6. Three major groups of learning theories:Psychological Foundations of Curriculum1.Behaviorists Psychology2.Cognitive Psychology3. Humanistic Psychology
- 7. Three major groups of learning theories:Psychological Foundations of Curriculum1.BehavioristsPsychology - considerthat learning should beorganized in order thatstudents can experiencesuccess in the process ofmastering the subjectmatter
- 8. Three major groups of learning theories:Psychological Foundations of Curriculum2.CognitivePsychology - focustheir attention on howindividuals processinformation and howthe monitor andmanage thinking.
- 9. Three major groups of learning theories:Psychological Foundations of Curriculum3. HumanisticPsychology -concerned withhow learners candevelop theirhuman potential.
- 10. Social Foundations of CurriculumSchools exist within the social context.Schools are made to help to understand thechanges globalization brings.The relationship of curriculum andsociety is mutual and encompassing.Schools are not only institutions that caneducate people in the society.